Tag: Art

The little people | An art inquiry creative thinking activity

Slinkachu

This activity is inspired by an idea shared by Edmund Dudley in a webinar on creative thinking. There’s an English artist named Slinkachu who creates surreal imagery of little figurines in outdoor scenes, a project that he aptly calls The little people. I felt some of his art could be used as interesting prompts for encouraging creative thinking and speaking practice. I won’t get to try it out till April so if you give it a go before then, I’d love to hear from you.

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Materials

You’ll need colour printouts of Slinkachu’s little people either from the ones that I’ve selected or from a larger collection of his work. You’ll also need slightly vague descriptions of each of the artworks like the following with language graded to your Ss’ level:

There are two people in this picture, a woman and a boy. They could be mother and son. The mother is wearing a red blouse and a yellow skirt. The son is wearing a white t-shirt and beige shorts. They are walking along a road, which is in pretty bad shape. The road seems to be passing through a poor neighbourhood, perhaps a shanty town. The mother is holding the boy’s hand. With her other hand, she is balancing a large number of objects on her head. In fact, there are nine objects stacked one on top of each other. Some of the objects are circular, some are oblong and others are capsule-shaped. The objects are in different colours, white, blue, yellow and orange. A couple of the objects are evenly divided into two colours: blue and white, red and white. 

Copy the descriptions onto slips of paper (make multiple copies if you have a large number of Ss).  Get a hold of two types of envelope which either differ in shape or colour (you’ll need four of each). Put each of the artworks into one type and the descriptions into the other (So you’ll have four sets with 2 envelopes each). Ss will also need A4 sheets to draw on and crayons or colouring pencils. An on-screen timer.

Procedure

  • Divide Ss into four groups and organize them on four tables or in four corners of the room.
  • Distribute one set to each group and instruct them not to open them until you tell them to.
  • Use the on-screen timer to keep Ss on track.
  • Ask Ss to open the envelope that contains the descriptions and individually draw the scene that’s being described (3 min)
  • Get Ss to compare their drawings with others in their group (2 min) and notice the differences.
  • Have Ss open the other envelope and compare their drawings to Slinkachu’s original artwork (2 min).
  • Have them discuss what the artist was trying to say through the artwork and how he expected his audience to react. Ask Ss to also share their own thoughts on the artwork and whether they believe it’s a true reflection of what’s going on in the world (3 min).
  • Now, ask Ss to to put all the descriptions and pictures back into the envelopes while giving their drawings to you.
  • Get them to move clockwise so they’re in a different corner of the room. Repeat this procedure so Ss get an opportunity to think about and discuss another artwork. Depending on how much time you have, you might want to get them to move again so they get to experience all four artworks. If time’s an issue, run it just once although I like the idea of having Ss repeat the activity and perhaps work on some automaticity.
  • Wrap up the activity by getting Ss to share their thoughts on all four artworks and segue into error correction if required.

I’ve been trying incorporate art into my lessons ever since I took two MOOCs from the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA). You can read up about some of the activities I gleaned from the second MoMA MOOC here.

Lucian Freud | An art inquiry exercise

head-of-a-naked-girl

Source: Wikiart 

I was lurking in yesterday’s webinar on Evidence-based Observation by Silvana Richardson because I had some work to complete away but talk of a painting quickly hooked me.  Silvana used an activity built around Lucien Freud’s painting ‘Head of a Naked Girl’ to lead in to the session and get attendees to think about objectivity and subjectivity in observations. I thought it was a fairly effective exercise. However, when I looked online I didn’t find any references related to the incident or the quote she used. Maybe it’s an apocryphal story but it’s intriguing nonetheless.

Materials

Lucien Freud’s Head of a Naked Girl perhaps on a slide or as a printout; the quote from the model who’s the subject of the paining.

Procedure 

  • Display the picture and ask Ss to describe what they see.
  • Ask Ss to categorize responses into objective and subjective statements.
  • Now ask them to consider what the artist’s mood might have been when he was painting this portrait and what he might have wanted to express through the painting.
  • Finally have them consider their personal opinion – what do they think about the painting? Would they want to have it in their homes?

Debrief 

  • This could potentially be a very powerful ‘jolt’. Unfortunately, I couldn’t track down the picture Silvana used of the model who is the subject of this portrait. She’s young and pretty and this is what she had to say about Lucian Freud:

The truth is that he is in all his paintings. One day he blacked my eye – the painting’s eye. That day he’d shut his ear in a door and it went nasty black. The finished face has been interpreted by one critic as me being “in a strop”. But it wasn’t my temper. It was about Lucian’s ear.

  • Lucian Freud’s paintings were ostensibly of other people but they were often reflections of himself. Ask Ss to reflect on the observations they made earlier in light of this new information. Ask them to relate Freud’s subjective observation to observations made by teacher trainers for the purposes of giving developmental feedback.
  • The exercise could be used in the business classroom to discuss performance appraisals and feedback. Here’s an article from Telegraph on 10 little known facts about Freud’s paintings.

Creative writing through a MoMA inspired art activity

Here’s my final project from the Museum of Modern Art’s Art & Activity MOOC. Unfortunately, I got a fairly mediocre score for it in the peer assessment with strange remarks such as activities that require imagination should be done only with children and teenagers. But then MOOC peer feedback is oh so competent and credible. In any case, I’m quite happy with this activity. Chitra Ganesh spent a month in a gallery in South Bombay creating an installation that combines Bombay inspired motifs with science fiction – that’s when I first heard of her. She’s quite a remarkable artist. I chose an older work of her’s from a MoMA gallery in New York. 

  • Subject: Creative writing
  • Target grade level range: Adult learners
  • Theme: Narratives in art
  • Artwork selection: 

in18-her-silhouette-returns

6FED-620 35_The_silhouette_returns_detail in18-her-silhouette-returns-detail

  • Artwork title: Her Silhouette Returns
  • Artist: Chitra Ganesh
  • Date: October 1, 2009 – April 5, 2010
  • Materials: Cut paper, colour washes, sequins, glitter and found objects.
  • Activity Description:  What will the students do? What are the goals for the activity and how does the activity connect to the work of art? Students explore feminist iconography in a visual narrative that transgresses conventions in a scaffolded sequence of activities that leads to the creation of a piece of creative writing which is similarly unbounded by norms. Students will be encouraged to analyze and reflect on the artwork through close looking and then imagine and create their own visual narrative by focusing on a less obvious detail/part of the work. Finally, students will transform their visual narrative into writing.  
  • Reflection: What will your students (or participants) create in response to the activity? For example, will they share photographs, drawings, texts, or other documentation? Students will produce a short piece of prose fiction by developing deeper connections with the narratives representing artwork and creating meaning by producing a written narrative.

Briefly describe how your artwork and project theme connects to the overall grade curriculum.  

Art can be a powerful way of overcoming creative blocks in writing, inspiring spontaneity in ideas and originality of expression that transgress conventional styles and themes. Chitra Ganesh’s Her Silhouette Returns is an unconventional, surrealist installation that simultaneously tells multiple stories and stories within stories, and does so in a way that grabs the attention of viewers and engages them in a powerful sensory experience. These are skills that creative writers aspire to in their own work. The artwork is complex and contains a number of pop references (glam rock and kitsch of The Rocky Horror Picture Show) and feminist motifs which adult learners will enjoy exploring. Her Silhouette Returns is particularly apt for the context of a creative writing workshop because the artist was originally inspired by literature – The Silhouette in Alan Moore and David Gibbons’ 1980s graphic novel Watchmen. In this work The Silhouette is a superhero who is discriminated against and murdered for coming out as a lesbian. Ganesh herself is interested in “buried narratives which are excluded from the official canon” and the work suggests “links between myth, ritual, and high and low culture as well as connections between countries and continents.” These elements combine to create a rich source of inspiration for creative writers who are learning how to break staid approaches, styles and plots in their writing.

NB: The factual information and quotes in this paragraph are sourced from an Exhibition Press Release by PS1.MoMA; accessed on July 30, 2014.

Describe two activity goals of your assignment and explain how they connect to the work of art.

To analyze less obvious details in the artwork and reflect on how they create narratives within narratives that collectively compose a surreal and complex work.

The artwork contains many strong and startling elements. There is a risk that these will overwhelm students to the detriment of smaller, intriguing details. Since the artist herself is interested in subaltern narratives, the activity’s goal is to encourage close looking at a variety of narratives including those based on smaller, less obvious details in the art work such as the distinctive pattern of eyes or the portal in the wall which reveals what is perhaps an unrelated work on a distant wall.

To imagine the progression of these narratives and create a visual storyboard that can then be transformed into a piece of prose writing.

The artist set out to narrate a number of stories through the artwork with a focus on ‘buried narratives’. The activity aims to help students uncover these buried narratives by visualizing the artist’s process in establishing multiple stories and how they came to be. The process of uncovering buried narratives which is a key element in coming to terms with this artwork, mirrors the process of discovery and development of ideas by writers.

Write clear instructions for how another teacher should lead your activity.

This activity has three phases: 

Phase 1: Close-looking through a memory activity

  • Ask students to look at The Silhouette Returns for 1 minute.
  • Put students in groups of three and ask them to turn around so they have their backs to the artwork.
  • Ask students to share what they remember from the artwork without looking at it.
  • After three minutes, have them look back at the painting and ask the following questions: 
  • – Which elements did everyone in your group remember?
    – Which elements did only one of you remember?
    – Which elements did none of you remember?
    – Why do you think you missed these details?
    – Do you notice more details now? What do you see?

Phase 2: Imagining through a visual narrative

  • Ask students to individually choose a single element or part of the artwork for example, the grass at the bottom, one of the butterflies or the face to the far left. As an optional step, distribute viewfinders if available to enable them to do this.
  • However, the detail they choose should not be something that they remember during the preceding activity. It should be something that they noticed when they looked at the artwork for the second time.
  • Ask students to focus on this one element for 30 seconds.
  • Distribute visual storyboards.

storyboard

  • Ask students to start with the box on the far right. Without looking at the artwork, try to recreate the detail they were looking at.
  • Now have them to look back at the artwork and ask the following questions:
  • – Do you think your drawing is similar to or different than the original?
    – How does that make you feel?
  • Ask students to focus on their drawing and imagine what happened before this.
  • Get each student to fill in the three frames in the storyboard describing what happened before. 
  • When students have completed their storyboard, have them compare it in pairs.
  • Ask the following questions:

– Were there elements in your partner’s work which strongly reflected the themes and styles of the artwork?
– Were there elements that were dissimilar?  Did you find this unexpected or surprising? Why?

Phase 3: Transforming into a written narrative

  • Ask students to consider each of the frames as milestones in a mini-narrative arc: exposition, rising action, climax and resolution.
  • Give students time to write a paragraph on each of the frames in the storyboard narrating the story. Depending on the profile of the students, you may want to stage this activity with prescribed time limits for each frame/paragraph. Let the students know that the word ‘paragraph’ here is not meant to limit creativity but merely provide some guidance and students should interpret it as they see fit in the context of the story they are creating.
  • When students have finished writing, give them a couple of minutes to go over their work.
  • Now ask students to stick their writing on a blank wall in a manner that replicates the position of the detail in The Silhouette Returns which they used as a prompt.
  • Ask students to read at least three of the stories of their peers.
  • Wrap-up by asking the following questions:

– How close were the stories to your original impressions of the artwork and the narratives you thought it represented?
– Was it constricting or liberating to use a detail from the artwork as a writing prompt? Why?
– How has your perception of The Silhouette Returns changed after reading these stories?

Assessment

Facilitators can evaluate student work from this activity in two ways:

  • Ask each student to answer this question – How has the installation piece – The Silhouette Returns – influenced your writing in this story?
  • Collect all stories and provide delayed feedback using creative writing rubrics.

Art activities for creating, imagining and connecting

I’ve been attending the stupendously enriching MOOC – Art & Activity from the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) on Coursera. Here’s a selection of activities I really enjoyed from the course along with my own thoughts on application in ELT, business and other learning environments.

Roy Lichtenstein_girl with ball

Activity: Expand the frame

Materials: Photocopies of a template of the artwork on a sheet of paper such that it has lots of blank space for expansion. Here’s one for Roy Lichtenstein’s Girl with Ball.

Instructions: Ask Ss to observe the the artwork carefully in what MoMA facilitators call ‘close looking’. Give Ss the templates and tell them that you are going to give them an opportunity to co-create the work with the artist by expanding the frame. They should use their imagination to answer the question “what would the artist have drawn if the frame were bigger?”

Variations: Ss focus on the character in the artwork by observing pose, gesture and expression. Then they transfer the character to an alternate setting for example with Lichtenstein’s Girl with Ball, a participant in this activity re-imagine her as a centaur dunking a ball into a basketball hoop.

Application: Creative thinking, visual narration & storyboarding, storytelling, vocabulary, fluency.

Rousseau Sleeping gypsy

Activity: Before & After 

Materials: A visual storyboard with three frames. Frame 1 and 3 are empty and frame 2 has the artwork as in this template.

Instructions: Encourage close looking and sharing of observations about the artwork in pairs. Ask Ss to use the visual storyboard to imagine what happened before and after.

Variations: Ask Ss to add text to each frame in the storyboard.

Application: Tenses, vocabulary, creative thinking, visual narration & storyboarding, storytelling

serra_to lift

Activity: Whip Around

Materials: An artwork

Instructions: Ask Ss to look closely at the artwork and go around the group asking each person to say the first word they think of. The only rule is that there can be no repetition.

Variation: Record the words Ss share and revisit them after closer investigation and discussion around the work.

Application: Icebreaker, vocabulary, review

chagall_i and the village

Activity: Visual Inventory 

Materials: An artwork

Instructions: In pairs, groups or individually, Ss make a list of everything they see in a work of art. The focus here is on description rather than interpretation.

Variation: Provide a printed inventory of words and ask Ss to circle words from the list.

Application: Vocabulary

van gogh_starry night

Activity: Blind Contour 

Materials: A painting, pencils and paper

Instructions: Ask Ss to look at a painting like Van Gogh’s The Starry Night for 30 seconds. They shouldn’t do anything at this point beyond exploring as many details as possible. After 30 seconds, ask them to pick up their pencils and place it on random spot on the paper in front of them. They should now look back at the painting and choose one spot on the painting and let their eyes wander gradually across the artwork from there. As their eyes move, so should their pencil. However, they should keep two rules in mind; they should not look down at the paper and they shouldn’t pick up their pencil. They should continue moving along the same contours as their eye for two minutes until you tell them to stop. Here’s my blind contour based on The Starry Night:

My blind contourDebrief: Ask the following questions:  What do you notice about your drawing? Does it reflect your looking? Did you focus on specific areas? In what ways does your drawing reflect the painting? In which ways is it different? Was it frustrating or liberating that you couldn’t look at your drawing while you were making it?

The rationale for this activity is that by not allowing Ss to look away from the paper, the focus is shifted from the result to the process of looking and ultimately how this influences different ways of looking at the same thing.

Application: Creativity within constraints, observation skills, differences in perspectives

Activity: Memory 

Materials: An artwork

Instructions: Ask Ss to look at the artwork for 30 seconds. Ss then turn around so they have their backs to art work. Ask Ss to share what they saw and recalled from the painting. Ss will soon realize that they need each other to piece together a complete memory of the work. They’ll also realize that they’ve missed out or misremembered certain elements. Now allow Ss to look at the painting again. Do they notice more detail now? Is there anything they didn’t notice when they looked at the painting for the first time?

Application: Teamwork, collaboration, exploring biases and blind spots.

kandinsky_panel for edwin r campbell

Activity: DJ the artwork 

Materials: An artwork, Ss will also need access to music on their phones or mp3 devices.

Instructions: Ask Ss to spend a minute looking at the artwork. They shouldn’t do anything else at this point except exploring it. They should then write down as many adjectives as possible describing what they see. When they’ve finished, ask them to read the list out aloud while looking at the painting.

Then, have them think about what sounds they would associate with each word in the list. For example, for the word chaotic, is it loud or soft; heavy or bold; light or subtle?  Ask Ss to list these words on a piece of paper. Now, have them find a type of music that has something in common with the artwork and the list they have created. Ask them to listen to the track using headphones while they look at the painting again for a minute. When I did this activity, I chose Regina Spektor’s whimsical take on Ne Me Quitte Pas to accompany the Kadinsky work above.

Debrief:  Does the music reflect the mood of the artwork? What is the relationship between what you see and what you hear?

Application: Vocabulary, fluency, observation skills, creating sensory links, multimodal learning

Critic

Activity: Everyone’s a critic 

Materials: A selection of artwork posted on your classroom walls or even better facilitate the activity in a gallery; Everyone’s a Critic game handout

Instructions: Divide Ss into groups of three or more. In each group, one person is the Critic and the others are Artists. The Critic chooses a theme from the list of themes provided in the game handout such as ‘freedom’ or ‘illusion’. Then, each artist walks around and selects an artwork that best demonstrates this theme. They then present their arguments to the Critic as to why their choice best fits the theme. The one with the most convincing argument wins.

Application: Observation skills, persuasion and influencing skills, crafting an argument

kirchner_street dresden

Activity: Postcard home 

Materials: Index cards, colouring pencils, regular pencils and of course an artwork!

Instructions: Ask Ss to look closely at the painting. What do they notice. Ask them to consider the setting of this painting. What’s familiar? What’s unusual? Ask them to imagine themselves in this scene. Now, distribute the index cards and have them write a note to a friend on one side describing their surroundings. They can use the following as prompts: What do they see around them? What do they smell? What kinds of sounds do they hear? Where might they go next?

Then, have the Ss flip over the index card and draw one section from the painting that they like. Voila, their postcard’s ready.

Application: This is just a tweaked version of a familiar ELT activity and can be used for grammar, vocabulary development and writing skills.

Postcard home

I can’t wait to try out these activities with my learners. I’ll post the activity I designed for my final project for this course shortly.